9RX 590
Four-Track Tractor
  • Engine1: 484 kW (649 hp) Max / 440 kW (590 hp) Rated
  • John Deere JD14 13.6 L engine
  • e18™ PowerShift transmission
  • 4-post cab suspension
  • Fully integrated precision ag technology

1Engine power PS (hp ISO) at max engine power speed (ECE-R120). John Deere Standard RES10080, SAE Standards J1995.

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The 9 Series Tractors are built to defy convention. With more engine horsepower (390 - 640 engine hp) and efficient FT4 engine technology, these machines welcome a good challenge.
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JD14 (13.6L/827-cu in.) engine: real world usability, not just power on paper
JD14 engine JD14 engine

The muscle to handle heavy draft disks and rippers, power-hungry air seeders and planters, and large transport loads like grain carts and slurry wagons. The durable design and heavy-duty components you can depend on when you need to get in and get out. A dual emission strategy is available for Australia and New Zealand; the 13.6L (827-cu in.) engine can be configured in either Final Tier 4 (FT4)/ Stage V or Tier 3/Stage IIIA compliant packages. You get real-world power with the purpose-built JD14 (13.6L/827-cu in.) engines from John Deere Power Systems, standard in the 291 to 471 engine kW (390 to 640 engine hp) 9 Series Tractors.


We developed our newest power plant from a clean sheet of paper, starting with stronger castings, beefier bearings, and more robust internal components, all designed to meet the high demands of field operations. We replaced the fuel injectors with a high-pressure common rail (HPCR) fuel system, and for FT4 configurations, eliminated the diesel particulate filter (DPF) to boost to fuel efficiency and lower operation and maintenance costs. Integrated coolant and oil passages, along with a new belt-driven water pump, eliminate potential leak points and allow for a less-crowded engine compartment, improving serviceability and reducing debris accumulation.


In redesigning the engine, we also gave it:

  • Hydraulic valve lash adjusters to maintain valve-lash settings during engine operation, reduce valve train noise and wear, and allow for greater fuel efficiency.
  • A hydraulic fan drive for improved cooling capacity with no required maintenance (FT4 only).
  • A new integrated wiring harness design featuring a modular layout for reduced vibration, greater reliability, and easier service and diagnostics.
  • A rear gear train that integrates fully into the cast-iron block, reducing tiresome engine noise and improving the durability of the crankshaft damper.
  • Combination sensors where possible, meaning fewer sensors, connectors, and wires.
  • A powerful engine brake that allows operators to use the engine to control tractor and implement speeds while transporting or traveling downhill, reducing wear on the drivetrain brake components.


It all adds up to:

  • 14 percent more power and 11 percent more torque
  • 3 percent lower fuel consumption
  • 10 percent lighter
  • 13 percent reduction in mean repair time, as well as savings in service costs over the life of the engine
13.5L (824-cu in.) engine compared to JD14 (13.6L/827-cu in.) engine


13.5L (824-cu in.) engine FT4 and Tier 2

JD14 (13.6L/827-cu in.) engine

FT4 and Tier 3

Fuel delivery

Electronic unit injectors (EUI)


Aftertreatment (FT4)

Two canisters

One canister

Valve lash adjustment



Engine brake

Not available

Available above 402.7 kW (540 hp)

Wire harness

Single harness

Three short harnesses

Water pump

Gear driven

Belt driven

Gear train

Front mounted

Rear mounted

Fan drive

Vari-Cool™ system (FT4) or fixed fan (Tier 2)

Hydraulically driven (FT4) or fixed fan (Tier 3)


NOTE: The PowerTech™ 13.6L (827-cu in.) engine has been renamed the JD14.

9 Series Visibility packages let you run with confidence, dawn until dusk
Ultimate Visibility package at night Ultimate Visibility package at night

Visibility is more than just lighting. It’s mirrors where you need them, shades for the blinding late-fall and early-spring sun, wipers to help keep all the glass clear, and integrated camera capability. The new 9 Series Tractors let you choose the visibility package that best suits your needs Select, Premium, or Ultimate with 360-degree light-emitting diode (LED) lighting so you and your operators can run with all-conditions confidence.


Lighting18 halogen worklights18 LED worklights24 LED worklights and eight LED convenience lights*
MirrorsMechanicalElectric and heatedElectric, heated, and telescoping
SunshadesFrontFront, right-hand side, and rearFront, right-hand side, and rear
WipersFront and rearFront, right-hand side, and rearFront, right-hand side, and rear
CamerasCamera readyCamera readyCamera ready**

*Convenience lights illuminate the corners of the cab for easier entry and exit.

** Starting with model year 2022, the Ultimate Visibility package is camera ready.

In the field or on the road: adjust steering ratio on-the-go with ActiveCommand Steering (ACS™)
9RX in transport 9RX in transport

You don’t have to compromise between pinpoint turns in the field and smooth, easy steering during transport – you can have it all with ActiveCommand Steering (ACS), available on all 9R and 9RX Tractors.

ACS lets you choose your steering ratio based on the task at hand. For precise headland maneuvers in the field, choose a tight 3.5 turns lock-to-lock. When you’re done in the field, ACS gives you a full five turns for smoother line-holding during road transport. Variable-effort resistance automatically changes with ground speed; you’ll notice a lighter touch during low-speed, in-field turns, and increased feedback at transport speeds for more comfortable, confident steering over the road. Plus, ACS works seamlessly with AutoTrac™ guidance systems and is compatible with wide and narrow section width tires as well as wide and narrow belts on 9RX models.

The end result? Reduced overall steering effort and fatigue, no drift and no backlash through the hand-wheel, all with the “connected” feel of a traditional steering column system

John Deere integrated solutions: a world of connected technology, right from the factory
Maximizing uptime using connectivity and technology Maximizing uptime using connectivity and technology

John Deere makes it easy for you to access an entire suite of connected applications, all designed to help you make the most of every seed, every hour, every gallon, and every bit of machine-related information.

Each 9 Series Tractor comes standard with the John Deere StarFire™ 6000 Integrated Receiver and Generation 4 CommandCenter™ display; there’s no need for setup, installation, or initial global positioning system (GPS) calibration. Integrated AutoTrac™ assisted steering gives you accurate, scalable guidance for low-stress operation in nearly any conditions and can improve field efficiency by 10 percent or more. The 9 Series Tractors also feature standard JDLink™ telematics and users can turn on connectivity in the John Deere Operations Center for anytime, anywhere access to critical machine and field information. And every tractor comes from the factory with John Deere Connected Support™, so you and your dealer can anticipate and address critical system needs.

From here? The sky’s the limit. Choose any of our operation-specific applications to help maximize efficiency and productivity during planting, tillage, or other field activities.


*NOTE: Ordering is temporarily unavailable for the StarFire 6000 Integrated Receiver. John Deere is diligently working to resolve this issue. Please watch the Price Pages and the announcements in the Sales Manual for updates. We apologize for any inconvenience.

StarFire 6000 Integrated ReceiverAutoTracJDLink

Base equipment:

  • Generation 4 CommandCenter display
  • StarFire 6000 Integrated Receiver

Optional equipment:

  • Generation 4 CommandCenter display plus extended monitor

Base equipment:

  • AutoTrac activation
  • SF3 accuracy (+/- 3 cm [1.2 in.])
  • Data Sync

Optional equipment:

  • AutoTrac RowSense™ system*
  • AutoTrac Turn Automation**
  • AutoPath™ system**
  • AutoTrac Implement Guidance*
  • Gen 4 Machine Sync

Base equipment:

  • JDLink telematics system
  • Wireless Data Transfer
  • John Deere Connected Support service
  • Expert Alerts
  • Remote Display Access
  • Service ADVISOR™ Remote service tool

*Available with Premium Activation 3.0
**Available with Automation Activation 4.0

Work at your best with 9 Series Comfort and Convenience packages
Ultimate Comfort and Convenience package (shown on 8R Tractor) Ultimate Comfort and Convenience package (shown on 8R Tractor)

When you’re spending dozens of hours per week in the cab, a comfortable operating environment isn’t just an option the right features, in the right places, let you and your operators work at your best, dawn to dusk and beyond.

The 7, 8, and 9 Series Tractors offer three Comfort and Convenience packages to fit your needs: Select, Premium, and Ultimate. But regardless of which package you choose, you’ll still get the John Deere CommandARM console that puts critical controls within easy reach. You’ll get all the storage space you need for drinks, meals, and other stowable items. And you’ll have plenty of outlets to keep your electronics powered.


Comfort and Convenience packagesSelectPremiumUltimate
  • Cloth
  • Mechanical controls
  • Mechanical lumbar
  • 8-degree left-hand and 40-degree right-hand swivel
  • Cloth
  • Electronic controls
  • Pneumatic lumbar
  • 25-degrees left-hand and 40-degree right-hand swivel
  • Leather
  • Electronic controls
  • Pneumatic lumbar
  • 25-degree left-hand and 40-degree right-hand swivel
  • Heated/ventilated
  • Massage
  • Adjustable bolsters
  • AM/FM/WX
  • Auxiliary and Bluetooth® wireless inputs
  • Four speakers
  • 16.5-cm (6.5-in.) touchscreen radio, XM® ready
  • Six speakers with subwoofer
  • 16.5-cm (6.5-in.) touchscreen radio, XM ready
  • Six speakers with subwoofer
Business band readyXXX
Four USB and one 12-V outletXXX
Dual tilt columnXXX
120-V/300-W three-prong outlet---XX
Carpeted floor mat------X
Leather-wrapped steering wheel------X


NOTE: XM not available in all geographical regions.

Bluetooth is a trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. XM is a trademark of Sirius XM Radio Inc.

A range of hydraulic options give you the power and flexibility to take on your toughest applications
Selective control valves (SCVs) on a 9R Tractor Selective control valves (SCVs) on a 9R Tractor

Of course, the 9 Series has the hydraulic muscle you need to push, pull, lift, and power your most demanding implements. But thanks to a range of enhancements to the hydraulic system, these tractors can provide that power at lower engine speeds, saving you fuel while still giving your implements the capacity they need. Regardless of model or configuration, the new 9 Series hydraulic system gives you:

  • An increase of almost 40 percent in charge pump capacity, from 54-cc to 75-cc, to help maintain a higher flow at lower engine speeds
  • A new swash plate angle sensor to monitor hydraulic flow and pressure and adjust engine speed to meet demand
  • An integrated hydraulic pump, filter, and priority valve for fewer and shorter lines, reduced pressure loss, fewer flow restrictions, and an extra level of reliability

And if you depend on implements that need continuous hydraulic power, the 9 Series Tractors are available with Intelligent Power Management (IPM). Using dual pumps and advanced sensor and control technology, IPM provides additional engine and hydraulic power for high-demand applications like air seeding up and over hills or through thick, tough soil.

Add in single and dual pump options and a flexible number rear SCVs, and you can configure a powerful, fuel-efficient hydraulic system to meet the demands of your specific operation without paying for capacity you don’t need.

The new 9 Series: Easy to run, easy to maintain
9RX Tractor 9RX Tractor

When you’re trying to get a field planted before weather moves in, there’s no time to hit a scheduled maintenance interval or get smacked with an unexpected repair. That’s why we designed the 9 Series for maximum reliability and less in-season maintenance.

To start, we simplified as many systems as possible, using components common to other tractor lines and minimizing potential downtime due to parts availability. Then we eliminated as many potential pain points as possible through changes in the cooling, aftertreatment, and diagnostic systems, including:

  • Replacing the fan drive system with a maintenance-free hydraulic fan drive
  • Streamlining aftertreatment with a single-canister inline system that’s simpler and features fewer parts
  • Improving uptime by adding better descriptions to diagnostic codes and offering predictive diagnostics through John Deere Expert Alerts
  • A front-left service panel for easier access to engine oil check and fill points;
  • Offering a 500-hour oil change interval on the John Deere JD14 (13.6L/827-cu in.) Final Tier 4 (FT4) engine when using approved John Deere oil and filter.
Tackle any terrain with a variety of undercarriage configurations
9RX Tractor undercarriage configurations
ModelNarrow undercarriageWide undercarriage
 Track spacing:
203.2 cm (80 in.), 223.5 cm (88 in.), or 304.8 cm (120 in.)
Track spacing:
223.5 cm (88 in.) or 304.8 cm (120 in.)
 45.7-cm (18-in.) tracks61-cm (24-in.) tracks76.2-cm (30-in.) tracks91.4-cm (36-in.) tracks
9RX 490
9RX 540
9RX 590------
9RX 640------

• Available
--- Not available


John Deere offers a variety of track widths and track spacings to fit the needs of your operation. The narrow undercarriage is great for row crop applications and can be ordered with track spacings of 203.2 cm (80 in.), 223.5 cm (88 in.), or 304.8 cm (120 in.). The wide undercarriage is ideal for tillage and seeding applications and is available with 223.5-cm (88-in.) or 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing.


ApplicationNarrow undercarriageWide undercarriage
Primary tillageGoodBest
Secondary tillageBetterBest
Grain cartBestBest
Nutrient applicationBestGood
Row-crop plantingBestBetter
Specialty crops in bedded rowsBestGood
Air seedingBetterBest

9RX Tractors equipped with 76.2-cm (30-in.) and 91.4-cm (36-in.) tracks can be equipped with industry-exclusive, factory-installed track spacing set at 304.8-cm (120-in).


9RX Tractors equipped with 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing provide increased stability, allow producers to operate on 304.8-cm (120-in.) centers for controlled traffic farming, and provide improved track-to-frame clearance for better access to the undercarriage for serviceability and material cleanout. John Deere is the first and only tractor manufacturer to offer a 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing option on four-track tractors with 76.2-cm (30-in.) and 91.4-cm (36-in.) tracks up to 462.3 kW (620 hp).

9RX with 91.4 cm (18 in.) tracks and 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing 9RX with 91.4 cm (18 in.) tracks and 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing

9RX Tractors with 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing increase space between the undercarriage and chassis to provide more space for performing daily and routine maintenance tasks.

Performing daily maintenance tasks Performing daily maintenance tasks
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Key Specs
Engine description
JD14 (B20 diesel compatible)
Engine displacement
13.6 L
827 cu in.
Rated engine power
434 kW
590 hp
Maximum engine power
477 kW
649 hp
Rated PTO power (hp SAE)
249 kW
335 hp
Maximum PTO power
Transmission type
John Deere e18™ 18-speed PowerShift™ with Efficiency Manager™: 40 km/h
25 mph
Hydraulic pump rated output
Standard: 208 L/min
55 gpm
Optional: 416 L/min
110 gpm
Rear hitch category (SAE designation)
Category 4N/4 with capacity: 6804 kg
15,000 lb
Category 4N/N: 9072 kg
20,000 lb
Base machine weight
25,546 kg
56,320 lb
Maximum engine power PS (hp ISO) at max engine speed (EU 2016/1628)
Rated engine power PS (hp ISO) at rated engine speed (EU 2016/1628)
Engine Specifications
JD14 (B20 diesel compatible)
Engine type
In-line six, four valve
Engine family
Rated speed
2100 rpm
Dual series turbocharger with fixed geometry first stage and wastegated second stage; air-to-air aftercooling and cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR)
Cylinders liners
Emission level
Final Tier 4 (FT4)
After treatment type
Diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC)/selective catalytic reduction (SCR)
13.6 L
827 cu in.
Engine Performance
Rated power
434 kW
590 hp
Rated PTO power (hp SAE)
249 kW
335 hp
Maximum PTO power
Intelligent Power Management (IPM)
Power boost
10 percent
Maximum engine power
477 kW
649 hp
Engine peak torque
At 1550 rpm: 2723 Nm
2008 lb-ft
Drawbar power
PTO torque rise
38 percent
Fuel injection system and control
Air cleaner type
Maximum engine power PS (hp ISO) at max engine speed (EU 2016/1628)
Rated engine power PS (hp ISO) at rated engine speed (EU 2016/1628)
John Deere e18 18-speed PowerShift with Efficiency Manager: 40 km/h
25 mph
Clutch; wet/dry
Hydraulic System
Closed-center, pressure-and-flow compensated
Pump rated output
Standard: 208 L/min
55 gpm
Optional: 416 L/min
110 gpm
Available flow at a single rear SCV
1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers: 132 L/min
35 gpm
1.9-cm (3/4-in.) couplers: 159 L/min
42 gpm
Available flow at front SCVs
Number of rear selective control valves (SCVs)
Four to eight factory or field installed
Base: four 1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers
Optional: five to six 1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers factory installed
Optional: three 1.9-cm (3/4-in.) couplers plus five 1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers factory installed
Number of mid selective control valves (SCVs)
Number of front selective control valves (SCVs)
Joystick SCV control
Auxiliary hydraulic features
SCV control
Rear Hitch
Hitch draft control load sense type
Remote control valves available
Hitch category (SAE designation)
Category 4N/4 with capacity: 6804 kg
15,000 lb
Category 4N/4: 9072 kg
20,000 lb
Maximum lift capacity behind lift points
Category 4N/4: 9072 kg
20,000 lb
Lift capacity at standard frame
Sensing type
Electrohydraulic with draft sensing
Rear axle differential lock
Drawbar category
Category 5
Maximum vertical load
5440 kg
12,000 lb
Rear Power Take Off (Pto)
44 mm (1.75 in.) 20-spline, 1000 rpm
Engine rpm (at rated PTO speeds)
Economy PTO speeds
Reverse PTO speeds
Multispeed PTO option availability
Ground speed PTO option availability
PTO actuation
Front Hitch
Electric power
Standard lift capacity
Front power take-off (PTO)
PTO speed
Rear Axle
Final drive type
Bull gear and double idler with floating pinion
Differential controls
Axle type
Brakes, type and control
Rear differential lock
Full-locking electrohydraulic
Load rating
Front Axle
Front axle differential lock
Full-locking electrohydraulic
Load rating
Wheel tread range
Turning radius with brakes
With 76.2 cm (30 in.) track and 221 cm (87 in.) spacing: 6.42 m
21.1 ft
Turning radius without brakes
Central Tire Inflation System (CTIS)
Tread spacing
Wide undercarriage: 2218 mm
87 in.
3048 mm
120 in.
Drive type
Camso® 3500 and 6500 Ag Series - reinforced drive lug technology
Track width
Standard: 762 mm
30 in.
914 mm
36 in.
Primary brake (foot brake)
Secondary brake
Park lock
MFWD braking
Front axle brakes
Auxiliary brakes
Hydraulic trailer brakes
Pneumatic trailer brakes
Electrical System
Alternator size
Standard: 250 amp
Optional: 330 amp
Battery options
12 V
Working lights
Standard: 18 halogen
Optional: 18 or 24 LED plus 8 LED convenience lights
Type of bulb in headlight (Halogen, Zenon, LED)
Standard: halogen, 65 W
Optional: LED
Type of bulb in beacon (Halogen, Zenon, LED)
dB(A) rating for backup alarm
Total cold cranking amps
3 x 925 CCA
Total: 2775 CCA
Operator Station
Rollover protective structure, OOS
Degree of seat swivel, left hand
25 degree (angle)
Degree of seat swivel, right hand
25 degree (angle)
Air suspension
Cab suspension
Instructional seat
Standard: Generation 4 4600 CommandCenter™: 25.4 cm
10 in.
Optional: Extended monitor
Standard: AM/FM stereo with weatherband, remote controls, auxiliary input jack, four speakers and external antenna
Optional: Touchscreen radio
Inner cab volume
3.27 m3
115 cu ft
dB(A) rating
Cab glass area
6.64 m2
71.47 sq ft
Safety glass rating
Front visibility
4125 mm
162.4 in.
Overall width
Overall length
Excluding hitch: 8309 mm
327.1 in.
Including hitch and coupler: 8545 mm
336.4 in.
Overall height
Drawbar clearance
311 mm
12.2 in.
Front axle center
Approximate shipping weight, Open;Cab
20,582 kg
45,375 lb
Base machine weight
25,546 kg
56,320 lb
Maximum ballast level
30,391 kg
67,000 lb
Maximum permissible weight
Crankcase oil volume
64 L
16.9 U.S. gal.
Fuel tank
1514 L
400 U.S. gal.
Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) tank
120 L
31.7 U.S. gal.
Cooling system
56.5 L
14.9 U.S. gal.
Transmission-hydraulic system
With 3-point hitch and PTO: 227 L
60 U.S. gal.
Without 3-point hitch and PTO: 220 L
58 U.S. gal.
Interval for engine oil change
500 hours
Interval for hydraulic/transmission oil change
1500 hours
Interval for engine coolant change
6000 hours
Lift capacity at full height
Maximum lift height
Leveling type
Precision Ag
Integrated AutoTrac™
Available with JDLink™ hardware, activations, and Ethernet harnesses (availability dependent upon destination)
Remote diagnostics
Available with activated JDLink hardware and activations
AutoTrac ready
ISOBUS ready
CommandCenter video inputs
Side slope rating
Uphill/downhill slope rating
Country of manufacture
Standard: Hydraulic power steering
Optional: ActiveCommand Steering (ACS®)
Date collected
22 January 2022
We want to make owning and operating your equipment simple and affordable. 
We have a range of finance options to suit any customer.  Contact your local Emmetts branch, or visit these sites for more information and a free quote.
John Deere FinancialEmmetts Finance
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